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  • Olive Von Topp

What are boundaries & why do you need them?

The importance of boundaries might seem obvious, but to many of us, they aren’t. Or we know we should have them but we just can’t seem to set them. While I have a whole course designed to help you set and maintain boundaries, I’d like to offer some thoughts on why we need them.


What are boundaries?


I like to think of my boundaries as the space where I end and someone else begins. As a way of telling people how I want to be in relationship with them. As a way of getting my needs met. As a guidebook for what I find acceptable and unacceptable.


They are individual to everyone, different with different people, and can change over time.


Generally they are categorized into six categories:


1. Physical


Physical boundaries are your needs related to your body including personal space & touch, rest, eating, etc. Some examples of physical boundaries are:

  • “Please don’t clean my room without my permission”

  • “I’m hungry and need to eat”

  • “Don’t touch me”

  • “I can’t come over, I’m too tired.”



2. Intellectual


Intellectual boundaries are your thoughts and ideas. Healthy intellectual boundaries include expecting your ideas to be respected and respecting the ideas of others and calling out harmful ideologies. Some examples are:

  • “I don’t want to talk to you about this anymore. I don’t feel like you respect my ideas”

  • “I can appreciate that we have different opinions on this”

  • “If you say racist things, you will be asked to leave my home”



3. Emotional


Emotional boundaries are your needs related to your feelings. They are about honoring yours and others’ feelings and emotional capacity or energy. Some examples are:

  • “I’m sorry but I don’t have capacity to hear about that right now. Can I check in with you tomorrow?”

  • “When I tell you about how I’m feeling, I would like you to just listen, rather than offer advice”

  • “I’m having a hard time, is now a good time to talk?”


4. Sexual


Sexual boundaries are what we are okay with and not okay with as it related to sex/sexual acts. They can include things like consent, likes and dislikes, desires, and privacy. Some examples might include:

  • “I don’t feel like that tonight, can we do ____ instead?”

  • “I’m not feeling this, let’s stop”

  • “I’d really like it if you did ____. Is that something you’d be open to?”


5. Material


Not surprisingly, material boundaries refer to our needs and preferences as they relate to material things like possessions and money. They might look like:

  • “I don’t lend out money”

  • “You can borrow my car, but please return it with gas in it”

  • “If you break my _____, I’d like you to replace it”



6. Time


Time boundaries are an area many of us struggle. They are related to how we want to spend our time/what our capacity is in terms of time. They can look like:

  • “I’d love to come, but I can only stay until 9pm”

  • “I can’t take on that assignment, I already have too much work to do”

  • “I don’t have time right now. I’ll get back to you if things open up”


Why do you need boundaries?


Having poor boundaries can lead to resentment, stress, anxiety, depression, overwhelm and even sickness. It can soil our relationships and can get in the way of achieving our goals. Here’s a few ways that having better boundaries can improve our lives:


Relationships


Our relationships often improve when we set boundaries. This is because we make our needs and expectations known to others, rather than expecting them to guess or “just know”. Most often people are happy to try and meet your needs and appreciate knowing how you want to be treated. It also allows them to state their boundaries and get their needs met.


When we don’t have ‘good’ boundaries, when we always say “yes” or overextend ourselves, we may often feel resentful towards people for the things we do for them, even though it’s up to us to manage and communicate our boundaries. When we set and honour our own boundaries, we do things because we want to/are able, which helps eliminate our resentment.


Space


Having boundaries gives us more space in our lives for the things that bring us joy and pleasure. When we get clear on our boundaries, we are able to prioritize what’s really important to us and what gives us life.


Boundaries help us feel more fulfilled, because we are able to get our needs met.


The emotional energy we may have been expending on our poor boundaries or on continually dealing with boundary tran